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Checklists of Exmoor's Wildlife
In 1996 ENHS produced The Flora and Fauna of Exmoor National Park listing 8243 species which had been recorded. (Now out of print). Since then there have been a number of additions published annually in Exmoor Naturalist magazine. The following lists show what we have recorded so far and it is hoped there will be future updates.

Alpine Swift Apus melba Vagrant. Just 3 records 1954 - 1980
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus One record of an immature shot on Earl Fortescue's moorland near Parracombe in Oct 1875.
American Wigeon Anas americana Vagrant. Male Wimbleball winters 1987 and 1988.
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus Autumn passage visitor to coastal waters.
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Fairly frequent on autumn passage but less so than Common Tern.
Ashy-headed Wagtail Montacilla flava cinereocapilla Savi. Rare Passage Migrant (2006). Minehaed Golf Course.
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Vagrant. Records include 8 Porlock Bay 1987.
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla A single record of one at Minehead in Nov. 1912.
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Vagrant. One Porlock Marsh 1973 and possibly 1979.
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus One regularly seen with Canada Geese at Minehead/Dunster Marshes 1989-1992.
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Spring and autumn passage migrant. Occasional in winter.
Barn Owl Tyto alba Resident. Now very scarce with only a few breeding pairs.
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Winter visitor. A few most years with Canada flocks.
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria Vagrant. One record of an immature male at Porlock Marsh 1969. A 1st for Somerset.
Bean Goose Anser fabalis Vagrant. Occasional records at Minehead or Porlock marshū1947 on. the most recent being 1 Porlock Marsh Mar-Apr 1973.
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus Vagrant. Winter visitor/passage migrant. First record was of 3 Porlock Marsh 1972, since when there have been a handful of records.
Bee-eater Merops apiaster One seen Porlock Hill 1997.
Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus Rare winter visitor to Minehead and Porlock Marshes. Highestū8 at Minehead March Feb. 1976.
Bittern Botaurus stellaris Rare winter visitor to coastal marshes. One photographed at Chetsford Bridge in 1989.
Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix Numbers were decreasing in 18th cent. 4320 shot Holnicote and Winsford estates 1836-1906 and up to 40 shot in a day at Oare Manor estate. Palmer & Ballance (1968) stated "On Exmoor now restricted mainly to N.Trust property in N.E. where up to 13 at lek in 1965. A few may survive on Molland Common but now probably extinct on Winsford Hill & Culbone Hill. A (1964) estimate put the Exmoor stock at c45. Causes of decrease seem to be enclosure, disturbance, overburning and increase in predators after 1914. The last lek on the Moor was in 1972, last breeding record 1975 and last sighting was a female at Lucott Moor at dusk 29.7.1981.
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Vagrant. Only two records to date 1954 and 1991. Both Dunster Beach.
Black Kite Milvus migrans (Boddaert) Rare. Accidental (2006)
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Mainly autumn passage and winter visitor.
Black Swan Cygnus atratus Escape. 1 Porlock Marsh 1998.
Black Stork Ciconia nigra (L.) Rare Accidental (2010)
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Rare passage visitor, mainly coastal but has been recorded at Wimbleball also.
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala Exotic. 1 Bird Table Old Cleeve, Oct. 2000.
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Winter visitor also present spring and summer.
Black-headed Wagtail Montacilla flava feldegg Rare Passage Migrant (2006). Minehaed Golf Course.
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Rare winter visitor. Recorded 2 Porlock Marsh Feb 1985 and Wimbleball Apr 1995. (One Minehead claypits 1959 probably a stray passage bird; site now Butlins boating lake)
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Spring or Autumn passage migrant. Less frequent than Bar-tailed Godwit.
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica Scarce winter visitor to coastal waters. 2 Wimbleball Feb.ū1985.
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus One record of single bird Porlock Marsh 1960.
Blackbird Turdus merula Resident, nests.
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Summer visitor with some over-wintering birds. Nests.
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Resident, abundant and widespread. Nests, frequently in nest boxes.
Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava flava Passage visitor, Recent records only from Porlock Marsh. Bred at Porlock Marsh 1951 and 1965.
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Vagrant. North American. 1 Porlock Marsh 1981.
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla Winter visitor. Exceptional flocks of up to 600 have been seen c.Simonsbath but usually just a few in mixed flocks with chaffinches. Visits gardens. One summer report of a singing male at Culbone Woods 1956.
Brent Goose Branta bernicla Scarce winter visitor, usually dark bellied race but pale bellied forms occur very occasionally.
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula Resident
Buzzard Buteo buteo Resident, widespread and common. Nests. Although commonūagain now, numbers became very low during myxamatosis epidemic in rabbits, their staple diet.
Canada Goose Branta canadensis Resident. Breeds Wimbleball and Minehead. Up to 400 in winter. Cackling Goose: single birds, probably escapes, occasionally with main flocks.
Carolina Wood Duck Aix sponsa One on Dunster Hawn 1987 for several months. One on R. Exe Brushford 1988. Possible female + 4 young R. Barle Castle Bridge 1988. Exotics.
Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone Resident. Nests.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis L. Rare. Accidental (2006)
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti Very scarce but probably now resident and breeding
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Resident and winter visitor. Nests.
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Summer visitor. Occasionally winters. Nests.
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Bred occasionally on Exmoor cliffs until 1910. Since then just a few sightings, usually single birds offshore but 3 inland 1991.
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Previously a rare resident which bred Porlock Vale, Minehead and Combe Martin. May now be extinct on Exmoor.
Coal Tit Parus ater Resident. Nests.
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Was breeding in Minehead by 1963 (D. Ballance). Now resident and common in towns and villages. Nests. Winter flocks of up to 50 have been seen.
Commic Tern Sterna hirundo/paradisea Due to difficulties in identification Common and Arctic Terns are often dealt with together under this name. Frequent on Autumn passage.
Common Gull Larus canus Passage and winter visitor to coasts and inland.
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Regular spring/autumn passage visitor. Sometimes winters.
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra Passage and winter visitor to coastal waters. Recorded at Wimbleball 1983. Coastal numbers usually less than 10 although 30+ at Dunster Beach Aug. 1987.
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Regular spring and autumn passage visitor.
Coot Fulica atra Nests. Resident and winter visitor. Main winter refuge is Wimbleball lake.
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Nests. Resident and winter visiters. On coast and inland on reservoirs. Birds shot at Wimbleball included ringed ones from Solway Firth, the Dyfed Coast and Ulster.
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra Used to be recorded on the Brendons and around Minehead, but the only record for many years is of a juvenile on Minehead Golf Links, Sept. 1989. Vagrant.
Corncrake Crex crex Rare passage visitor. One found dead at Porlock Oct 1982.
Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Rare vagrant. Off-shore records 1986 4 off Lynmouth, 1987 and 1994.
Crane Grus grus One shot at Watchet 1897; One Allerford 2002.
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor A single record of one Minehead Golf Links, 1941. This was the first Somerset Record.
Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Irregular visitor to conifer woods, probably now resident. Breeds occasionally.
Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Earliest date 15th March, Porlock 1938 (D.Ballance). Usually arrived mid April. Fairly common summer visitor with Meadow Pipit being the commonest host on the moors, also tree pipit. May have declined in recent years.
Curlew Numenius arquata Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002: territories at Goosemoor Common, Exford Common, Wilmersham Common and one in N.D. Resident, passage and winter visitor. Up to 260 on beaches.
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Rare passage visitor to coast.
Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla The commoner of the two races.
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata In excess of 70 pairs/territories in 2002. A rare visitor to Exmoor to 1995 when it bred for first time.
Dipper Cinclus cinclus About 75 pairs estimated to be on Exmoor (1994). Resident of fast flowing streams and rivers. Nests.
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus Passage visitor, usually seen on the moors.
Dunlin Calidris alpina Regular winter and passage visitor to the coast. Rarely more than 200.
Dunnock Prunella modularis Resident. Nests.
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus Feral breeder at Wimbleball 1982-86. Commuted with Canadas between there and Dunster Marsh.
Eider Somateria mollissima Rare winter visitor to coastal waters.
Emperor Goose Anser canagicus Up to 5 seen with Canada Geese Dunster Marsh/Wimbleball 1987 - Exotics.
Feral Pigeon Columba livia (feral) Fairly common. Nests.
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca Rare Vagrant (2009), (2012) both Wimbleball.
Two published records, neither wholly satisfactory. One, Pinkworthy Pond 1943 has generally been accepted. Other Quantocks area.
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Winter visitor.
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus Winter visitor, usually recorded near the coast.
Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Mainly spring/summer visitor. First bred Devon Exmoor 1958; and Somerset Exmoor 1981 when N.V. Allen recorded 2 pairs at Glenthorne. c400 nesting pairs between Lynmouth and Heddons Mouth in 1994. Also occur off coast out of breeding season following gales.
Gadwall Anas strepera Scarce winter visitor, Wimbleball/Dunster Beach.
Gannet Sula bassana Regularly seen offshore Apr - Sept. Outside this usually storm blown birds. Nearest gannetry S.W.Wales. Commoner some years presumably related to fish stocks, esp. mackerel.
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin 1987 was a particularly good year for this sp. on Exmoor. Summer visitor, open woodland, thickets.
Garganey Anas querquedula Vagrant. An unusual Spring passage migrant which has nested in N. Somerset and S. Devon but not Exmoor.
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus A small number of records of this vagrant gull.
Goldcrest Regulus regulus Resident. Nests. Favours conifer plantations. Hard hit in severe winters.
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Although not accepted as having ever been recorded on Exmoor, there are one or two early reports c1905 of birds having been seen.
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Spring and summer passage visitor.
Golden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus One nr Lynton 1942 (present some years); one adult male in Allerford Plantation Nov. 2001.
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria Winter, spring and autumn passage visitor. Flocks of 3-4 hundred may occur but much declined from the thousands which occurred at one time (e.g.6000 Minehead 1967). Probably bred on Exmoor in 1910 but not proven.
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Regular winter visitor to Wimbleball; occasional elsewhere.
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Resident. Nests. Winter flocks of c50 occasionally seen.
Goosander Mergus merganser Rare resident. First bred Exmoor 1993. Regular winter visitor to Wimbleball, occasionally to Nutscale and the coast.
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Rare resident. A few breeding season records since 1990.
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 located 52 territories; ENHS records suggest a further ten males may have been present. This was an exceptionally good year. Summer visitor. Nests.
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Nests. Resident and winter visitor. A few cliff-nesting pairs.
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus A winter visitor but more or less resident at Wimbleball Lake where it has bred since 1982. Otherwise most records are coastal.
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor Irregular autumn and winter visitor, usually to moorland areas.
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer Offshore winter visitor
Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis Rare vagrant. 2 off Lynmouth Aug 1986. Only record to date.
Great Skua Stercorarius skua Autumn passage visitor. A few off-shore most years.
Great Snipe Gallinago media An old and unauthenticated record of one shot at Warren ridge in 1903. 4 shot nr Parracombe 1868 during an influx to the SW. A couple of other unauthenticated records.
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Nests. Resident. Breeds in all suitable woods. Visits garden peanut holders.
Great Tit Parus major Resident. Nests, occasionally in nest boxes.
Great White Egret Egretta alba One, Wimbleball Lake 7 - 12 Oct 2002. Record accepted by British Birds Rarities Committee. New Exmoor Record.
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Exotic. One flying west off Dunster Beach Sept 1969.
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus Regular, mainly autumn passage visitor to reservoirs and marshes.
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis Resident. Nests. Visits lawns.
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca carolinensis Porlock Marsh Dec. 1998. Oct. 1951. Vagrant.
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Resident. Nests. Scarce on high moor but autum and winter flocks on stubble of c200 may be seen.
Greenland Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe leucorrhoa Small numbers of this larger race of wheatear are seen on passage most years.
Greenland White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons flavirostris Single birds, Minehead Marsh Dec. 1952 & Mar 1995.
Greenshank Tringa nebularia Scarce but regular spring and autumn passage migrant.
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea About 25 breeding pairs at 5 heronries. Regularly seen along rivers and on coast at Dunster.
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix Resident, scarce. Some records may refer to hand-reared birds. Nests.
Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Passage visitor to the coast. Occasionally storm blown.
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Winter visitor. Small numbers Minehead and Dunster Beach.
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est. 65 pairs. + (ENHS) c 30 other pairs at other sites. Resident and fairly common on streams and rivers. Nests.
Greylag Goose Anser anser Rare winter visitor. There is always doubt as to whether the birds are genuine wild birds or if from feral population on Chilton Moor. However timing (all in winter) suggests they could be genuine wild.
Guillemot Uria aalge About 500 nesting pairs Lynmouth to Heddons Mouth in 1994. Not uncommon passage and winter visitor off-shore.
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica The only Somerset record (to 2002) is a first winter bird at Dunster Beach Oct 1997.
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Vagrant. One Foreland Point 1972. Greenland race.
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Very rare visitor to Exmoor. Onetime nested at Selworthy.
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus Scarce but regular winter visitor to moorland areas.
Herring Gull Larus argentatus Nests. Resident. Notable decline in breeding population since early 1980s.
Hobby Falco subbuteo Scarce summer visitor, may breed occasionally.
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus Vagrant. Single birds 1990, 1994, 1995. Probably a regular if scarce summer visitor to the older wooded areas in the early part of the last century.
Hooded crow Corvus corone cornix Vagrant. Single birds recorded a few times since 1970.
Hoopoe Upupa epops Passage visitor, usually in spring. 14 records between 1956 and 1994.
House Martin Delichon urbica Summer visitor and passage migrant. Nests.
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Resident. Nests around human habitations. Flocks in autumn/winter. Numbers may have decreased.
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Only a handful of records mainly in winter. Vagrant.
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina Vagrant. Two records to 1994 (Heddon Valley 1972 and Withypool 1975).
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus First Somerset record of this Asian species Minehead 1989. Attracted many visitors! Vagrant.
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus Winter visitor to freshwater marshes, lakes and pools.
Jackdaw Corvus monedula Resident. Nests on coastal cliffs, buildings, quarries and trees. Large flocks may be seen.
Jay Garrulus glandarius Common resident of wooded areas. Nests. Occasional large influxes from the continent such as 1983 when acorn crop failed in Europe due to knopper gall.
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Resident and common. Nests.
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Resident. Breeds on a few rivers. Frequent sightings by coast and reservoirs in winter.
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla First Exmoor breeding record was 6 pairs Woody Bay cliffs in 1972. Increased up to 1984 with c200 pairs. Since then they have declined and no breeding records in 2002 but non breeding birds are still around.
Knot Calidris canutus Autumn passage visitor to beaches.
Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus Passage visitor, usually to the coast.
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Resident, nests, winter and passage visitor. Flocks up to 200 on lowland fields and a few pairs breed.
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Vagrant. Recorded Bossington Beach Sep. 1980.
Leach's Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Rare storm vagrant. 1 Porlock Bay May 1928. Only 2 records in Porlock Bay 1967 - 1994.
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Passage and winter visitor. Has bred on Devon cliffs.
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor One record of one nr Exford on 8.4.1967.
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis (Eyton) Rare (2011), Wimbleball.
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor Resident. Nests in the larger deciduous woods.
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca Scarce summer visitor. Has bred in Porlock Vale but no recent breeding records. Singing males heard.
Linnet Carduelis cannabina Resident. Usually near the coast. Nests. Winter flocks of up to 50 frequent but sometimes several hundred.
Little Auk Alle alle Rare storm vagrant.
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla Bossington Beach Nov. 1997 Porlock Marsh 2001. Passage migrant.
Little Egret Egretta garzetta First noted by A.E.Coles on 12.5.79 on Porlock Marsh where it remained until 14th when it was observed from 6 - 8pm by Noel Allen. It walked across pool but only once seen to swallow something. It is now regularly seen in the area.
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Winter visitor to reservoirs, coast and ponds. Has bred in the past.
Little Gull Larus minutus Rare passage visitor, recorded most years. but probably under recorded.
Little Owl Athene noctua Following the introduction of this species into the Midlands, it reached Dunster in 1914 and Dulverton in 1917. Now very scarce. Has nested.
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Rare passage visitor. Coast and Wimbleball.
Little Stint Calidris minuta Autumn passage visitor
Little Tern Sterna albifrons A few turn up most years on autumn passage.
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Vagrant. One record, Porlock Marsh 1973.
Long-eared Owl Asio otus Vagrant. Has bred in the past and in 1996.
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Vagrant. One Nutscale March 1995.
Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus Vagrant. Recorded autumn 1991, 1993, 1994.
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Resident. Visits gardens. Nests.
Magpie Pica pica Resident. Common. Numbers increased in some areas such as Minehead 1950s on but seem to have peaked. Some culling takes place, usually by individuals. There is controversy over the toll they take on small birds.
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Resident and winter visitor. Nests. Widespread.
Mallard hybrid Anas platyrhynchos x Many between Minehead and Dunster Beach in 1980s and 1990s originating from crosses with ducks at Butlins Holiday Camp. Most have now been eliminated.
Mandarin Aix galericulata Vagrant or feral resident. Origin on Exmoor uncertain.
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Passage visitor. Feeding parties in coastal waters, spring to autumn. Breeds in Wales. 1225 counted flying up channel off Porlock Bay 1988. P.yelkouan mauretanicus MEDITERRANEAN SHEARWATER. Vagrant. Race of Manx S. breeding in Mediterranean and recently split from P. puffinus. One off Minehead 1994 and 1996. Later works record this as BALEARIC SHEARWATER P. mauretanicus. V.Rare passage migrant.
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Rare passage migrant usually to coastal areas.
Marsh Tit Parus palustris Resident. Nests.
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris Pair Minehead Claypits (now Butlins lake) summer 1929. One or 2 pairs bred there 1947-1961.
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Exmoor Moorland Survey 2002. Population estimate of 2640 pairs, the most common & widespread species on the moor. Common resident, passage, and winter visitor. Nests. Chief host of cuckoo.
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus Passage and winter visitor now recorded annually. First Somerset record was December 1956 at Dunster Beach.
Merlin Falco columbarius Resident but scarce with only a few breeding pairs.
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Resident. nests.
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Rare passage migrant. There are 4 breeding records for Exmoor, all before 1920.
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Nests. Resident and local around reservoirs and ponds.
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Resident. Minehead/Dunster Marshes where it breeds and has bred at Porlock Marsh. Cases of cygnets not reaching maturity for various causes. Very rare at Wimbleball.
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Passage visitor. Nests on outskirts of ENP. Bred at Bossington up to c1940.
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Survey by D.K.Ballance 2002 located c52 churring males. Breeds at about five main sites. Summer visitor.
Night Heron Nycticorax nicticorax (L.) Rare Accidental (2007), Adult Duster Beach
North Scandinavian race Lesser Black-Backed Gull Larus fuscus fuscus Vagrant. An old record of c30 off Glenthorne 1950s otherwise very rare.
Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes Vagrant. One West Luccombe 1985 and about 3 previous records.
Nuthatch Sitta europaea Resident in deciduous woodland. Nests, occasionally in nest boxes.
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Irregular spring and autumn passage visitor.
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus Nests. Resident and winter visitor. Breeds Devon Exmoor.
Pale-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla hrota Less common than the Dark-bellied race.
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Vagrant. A handful of records from the coast.
Peregrine Falco peregrinus Resident. Nests. Locally frequent on the coast, also hunts inland.
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Resident and common. Nests. Thousands bred each year for the shoots.
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca Summer visitor, locally common in mature oak woodland. ENHS nest box scheme aimed at Pied Flycatcher is usually successful. Nests. ENHS emblem.
Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba yarrellii Resident, nests.
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhyncus Vagrant. One Wimbleball Dec. 1991.
Pintail Anas acuta Rare winter visitor.
Pochard Aythya ferina Winter visitor to Wimbleball, rarely the coast.
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus Autumn passage visitor. Exceptional: 33 off Dunster Beach 1985.
Puffin Fratercula arctica Storm vagrant along the coast.
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Rare Winter visitor, mainly between Lynmouth and Heddons Mouth. One Dunster Beach 1994.
Quail Coturnix coturnix Once bred widely, may nest occasionally. Now a scarce and irregular summer visitor.
Raven Corvus corax Resident. Nests on coastal cliffs and moorland combes. Flocks of over 100 have been recorded.
Razorbill Alca torda About 450 breeding pairs N.Devon cliffs. Passage and winter visitor off-shore.
Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus Introduced on Exmoor in 1800s and established by 1900s. In 1976 about 40 prs. bred in area from Robin How to Black Barrow but decreased drastically and thought extinct in 2002. However 2 or 3 reports in 2003 were received and they may have been bred again by one of the shoots.
Red Kite Milvus milvus Most frequent as a spring passage visitor. One or two over Exmoor most years. One in Timberscombe area 1989/90 was wing tagged and was a released bird part of a NCC/RSPB project.
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Passage visitor.
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Winter visitor mainly to the coast.
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina A record of 5 at Nutscale, Nov. 1995 was not confirmed and is considered incorrect.
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa Nests. Resident, locally common, usually reared and released.
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Very rare winter visitor. One Porlock Marsh 1956 and one Wimbleball 1993 & 1996.
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Vagrant. One Porlock Marsh 1970. and 3 previous records here
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica Vagrant. One record of a single bird at Porlock, Oct 1987 at the time when there was an influx into Britain.
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata Winter and passage visitor to Exmoor coast; occasional Wimbleball Lake.
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus A bird in summer plumage at Dunster Beach 1996. This was 3rd Somerset record.
Redpoll Carduelis flammea Resident. Nests. Now breeds annually but numbers fluctuate. Winter parties on lower moorland.
Redshank Tringa totanus Resident and winter visitor. Breeds Porlock Marsh but numbers decreased.
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est 131 pairs. Regular summer visitor and passage migrant. Nests.
Redwing Turdus iliacus Regular winter visitor.
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est. 165 pairs. ENHS recorded about another 10 pairs elsewhere. Resident, nests. ENHS Survey in yr 2000. Nests in coastal marsh and moorland combes.
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus Regular summer visitor to Porlock and Dunster Marshes. Nests.
Richard's Pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae Vagrant. 3 records of single birds 1977, 1980, 1991.
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Summer visitor to moorland combes, formerly nested but no breeding records found in survey in 2003 and may now only occur on passage.
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Vagrant.
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Vagrant. Wintering males have been seen infrequently at Wimbleball.
Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri One presumed this species, Dunkery area 1985 (possible escape). Another Dunster Beach 1989 and 1990 all considered escapes rather than feral birds.
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Resident. Passage and winter visitor. Bred Dunster Beach 1993.
Robin Erithacus rubecula Resident. Nests.
Rock Dove Columba livia Wild form unlikely to have occurred.
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus Resident. Nests rocky shores.
Rook Corvus frugilegus Resident. Most rookeries used to occupy high elms until these trees were lost to dutch elm disease in 1970s, they now occupy any tall trees mostly near habitation. Highest rookery is at Simonsbath at 400m.
Rose-coloured Starling Sturnus roseus Vagrant. Only 4 Exmoor sightings 1945 - 1994.
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Autumn passage visitor. Only records to date were 3 Minehead Beach in Aug 1971.
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus Vagrant. Recorded winters of 1973, 74 and 87.
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Winter visitor to Wimbleball. First recorded 1985.
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Vagrant. Two old records from Porlock Marsh - 2 1915 and 1 1928.
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Scarce spring and autumn passage visitor to coast and Wimbleball. 15 Porlock Marsh 1987 was an exception.
Sabine's Gull Larus sabini Vagrant. Occasionally recorded on the coast after gales.
Sand Martin Riparia riparia Summer and passage visitor. Scarce as a breeding bird but nests in one or two places. Earliest ENHS record 2nd March.
Sanderling Calidris alba REgular passage/winter visitor along coast.
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Small numbers on spring/autumn passage most years on coast.
Scandinavian Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus littoralis Possibly one Porlock Marsh, 1996.
Scaup Aythya marila Scarce winter visitor to Wimbleball, occasionally on the coast.
Scaup X Tufted Duck Hybrid Aythya marila x fuligula Hybrid ducks at Wimbleball may have included this.
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Summer visitor to the coastal marshes, rare elsewhere. Nests.
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis Has bred between Lynmouth and Heddons Mouth. Resident. Much rarer than cormorant.
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Resident winter visitor. Breeds but much fewer than in early 1900s. Numbers build up along the coast in winter.
Shore Lark Eremophila alpestris Winter visitor to coastal beaches. Only a handful of records.
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Winter visitor occurring annually, usually on moorland.
Shoveler Anas clypeata Regular winter visitor to coast and Wimbleball.
Siskin Carduelis spinus Resident and winter visitor. First nested in conifers near Luccombe in 1979.
Skylark Alauda arvensis Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 recorded a population of 1290 pairs Somerset/Devon. Resident and common passage and winter visitor. Nests. Large flocks of several hundred may be seen in winter on lowland fields.
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus Very rare winter visitor. One Minehead Clay Pits Jan 1960 (This site is now Butlins boating lake); one Dunster Hawn Oct 1972.
Smew Mergus albellus Winter visitor. Single birds Wimbleball 1984, 86 & 87.
Snipe Gallinago gallinago Moorland Bird Survey estimate 9 territories on Exmoor inc. 3 in N. Devon. Resident, winter visitor. Breeds moorland bogs. In the past up to 250 on Minehead Marsh but not since Butlins.
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Scarce passage/winter visitor to the coast, occasionally on the moors.
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens One regularly seen Dunster Marsh and Wimbleball 1989 with Canada Geese - Exotic.
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca Vagrant. No current records although one 1972 at North Molton was close. Previous record nr Simonsbath 1945 and 3 earlier records.
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Resident, nests. Also autumn and winter visitor.
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Rare offshore passage migrant. 7 off Minehead 1979.
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Resident and fairly common. Nests.
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Vagrant. One Porlock Marsh 1994, 1998 and 1999.
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana Vagrant. Only recorded 3 times up to 1994, each time from Porlock Marsh in 1958, 1959 & 1971.
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia (L.) Rare (2010), Dunster Beach
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Summer visitor. Nests usually around buildings. Numbers fluctuate from year to year.
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus Autumn passage visitor.
Starling Sturnus vulgaris Resident. Passage and an abundant winter visitor also. Nests.
Stock Dove Columba oenas Resident and fairly common. Nests.
Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus No records for many years. Single birds at Minehead 1912 and Great Hangman 1944.
Stonechat Saxicola torquata Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est 468 pairs, an increase on previous 1992/3 survey. Resident, nests. Gorse and heather on moorland.
Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus Vagrant. Coastal waters summer/autumn. Some probably go unrecorded in Porlock Bay.
Swallow Hirundo rustica Summer visitor and passage migrant. Nests. Earliest (exceptional) record 3 19.1.1975, Selworthy.
Swift Apus apus Summer visitor. Nests. Exceptionally late sighting 1 Porlock Marsh 29.11.95. Breeds in old buildings and church towers. Feeding flocks occur over the moor.
Tawny Owl Strix aluco Resident. Widespread in woods and farmland. Nests.
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris This species joined the Exmoor list on 4.8.1993 with a moulting juvenile at Dunster Beach.
Teal Anas crecca Regular winter visitor, coastal marshes and Wimbleball. Has bred in the past (1945) Over 600 at Porlock Marsh very unusual.
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii Vagrant. One Porlock Marsh 1972.
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Vagrant. One Porlock Marsh May 1987.
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est. 129 pairs. Summer visitor in scattered trees along hillsides and woodland fringes. Nests.
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Visitor. Used to breed at Monksilver until 1920s. Now rarely reported.
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Resident, woodland and parkland. Nests. Numbers may fluctuate in hard winters.
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Winter visitor and scarce resident. Bred Wimbleball 1989.
Turnstone Arenaria interpres Common passage and winter visitor, recorded most months.
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur Summer visitor, recorded most years. Nests.
Twite Carduelis flavirostris Winter visitor. Just a few sightings of one or two birds in recent years but small flocks (10-20) recorded 1975 and 1986.
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca Vagrant. Male Dunster Beach Dec. 1985; 2 Minehead Nov. 1994.
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Very rare passage and winter visitor. One Porlock Marsh Jan 1988.
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Regular but scarce winter visitor to marshy habitats on coast and inland.
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Irregular winter visitor.
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Earliest date 24 Feb. 1998, Porlock Marsh Average 10th March. (D. Ballance). Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 found 57 pairs. Summer visitor and passage migrant. Stony outcrops, walls, coast and moors. Nests.
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Regular spring and autumn visitor to coast and Wimbleball.
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est 292 pairs; a decline of nearly a third of the previous RSPB survey in 1992/3. However, a personal survey by DKB located 363 pairs although some variation in areas. Summer visitor common in moorland combes but may have decreased (2003)
White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus  
White Stork Ciconia ciconia

Rare. Accidental (2004).
A single record of one roosting on the church at Withiel Florey in June 1971 may refer to an escaped bird, and not to a genuine vagrant.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Spring and autumn passage visitor along the coast.
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Irregular winter visitor to Minehead and Porlock Marshes and Wimbleball. Greenland race not recently recorded; one Minehead 1952.
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Rare visitor, one Dunster Beach 1995.
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla here have been no recent records, the only four are from the period between 1811 and 1912. The only certain one being shot in Badgworthy Deer Park "some years before 1874. It was mounted with a Black Grouse which it had killed, for the landowner Nicholas Snow, and was long preserved at Oare Village Hall (Malmsmead Field Centre) but has now disappeared.
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Vagrant. Only record to date Porlock Marsh 1986.
Whitethroat Sylvia communis Nests. Summer visitor.
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus Rare winter visitor to the coast.
Wigeon Anas penelope Winter visitor. Common on the coastal marshes and at Wimbleball. As many as 1000 have been seen. The most common wintering duck along the coast.
Willow Tit Parus montanus Resident and local, nests in damp woodlands.
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Summer visitor. The commonest warbler. Nests.
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Vagrant. Female Porlock Marsh 1995.
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Scarce autumn passage visitor.
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Summer visitor of mature deciduous (mainly oak) woodlands). Nests. ENHS survey in 2003.
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator One record near Bossington May 1926. One Exford 1989.
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Regular autumn/winter visitor. Nested 1981.
Woodlark Lullula arborea Irregular visitor. Nested around Porlock to Dunster until 1946. Hard winters in 1946 and 1962 appeared to wipe out local population. Since then only scattered records mainly of winter birds.
Woodpigeon Columba palumbus Resident. Also a passage and winter visitor. Large flocks often seen in winter.
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Resident. Nests.
Wryneck Jynx torquilla Autumn passage migrant. Three reports 1975 to 1994.
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Spring/autumn passage visitor mainly on the coast.
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava flavissima Spring/autumnh passage visitor mainly on the coast. (See under M. flava for records)
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Vagrant. 3 records; spring 1970 and 1990; autumn 1993.
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Exmoor Moorland Bird Survey 2002 est. 73 pairs. ENHS survey in yr 2000. Resident. Nests.

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