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Checklists of Exmoor's Wildlife
In 1996 ENHS produced The Flora and Fauna of Exmoor National Park listing 8243 species which had been recorded. (Now out of print). Since then there have been a number of additions published annually in Exmoor Naturalist magazine. The following lists show what we have recorded so far and it is hoped there will be future updates.

Mammals
Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus Fairly common. Visits gardens. Frequent road casualty.
Mole Talpa europaea A survey by ENHS members in 1995 revealed molehills at altitudes from near sea level (Dunster Beach) to around 1300 ft. (Top Porlock Hill) Common but a lack of records from central and SW Exmoor.
Common Shrew Sorex araneus Widespread but few records from SW Exmoor.
Pygmy Shrew Sorex minutus Recorded much less often than Common Shrew. All our records are from eastern half of Exmoor.
Water Shrew Neomys fodiens Widespread, but few records.
Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Rare, just a few known colonies
Lesser Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus hipposideros A few colonies recorded
Whiskered Bat Myotis mystacinus Rare
Natterer's Bat Myotis nattereri Scarce
Bechstein's Bat Myotis bechsteini Rare
Daubenton's Bat Myotis daubentoni Also known as Water Bat. May be seen flying by day overūrivers.
Serotine Eptesicus serotinus Scarce
Noctule Nyctalus noctula Fairly common
Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus The commonest bat species, frequently seen at dusk.
45 kHz Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus 45kHz Status not known.
Nathusius' Pipistrelle Pipistrellus nathusii Rare
Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus Scarce and local.
Brown Long-eared Bat Plecotus auritus Frequent
Grey Long-eared Bat Plecotus austriacus Very rare.
Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Fair numbers again since being severely hit by myxamatosis in 1960s but this and other diseases are still around and numbers fluctuate.
Brown Hare Lepus capensis Has declined. Some have apparently been introduced by Hunts (?)
Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris Once common in Exmoor woodlands particularly conifer plantations but none seen since the hard winter of 1947. (This was before the Grey Squirrel arrived here.)
Grey Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis Became common on Exmoor after the Red Squirrel had succumbed to the hard winter of 1947. Few if any seen before that date.
Bank Vole Clethrionomys glareolus Common
Field Vole Microtus agrestis Common
Water Vole Arvicola terrestris Numbers declining.
Wood Mouse Apodemus sylvaticus In gardens, woods and hedgerows. Common.
Yellow-necked Mouse Apodemus flavicollis Believed to exist on Exmoor but we would appreciate any records.
Harvest Mouse Micromys minutus Numbers have declined due to modern farming methods.
Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus Numbers have increased.
House Mouse Mus musculus In and around buildings.
Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius Probably under recorded but thought to have declined with hazel coppicing no longer being carried out near every village. However, results of surveys with dormouse boxes are encouraging.
Bottle-nosed Dolphin Tursiops truncatus Occasional sightings offshore.
Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis Occasionally occurs offshore and dead specimens sometimes washed up on beaches.
Common Porpoise Phocoena phocoena Occasional sightings offshore.
Pilot Whale Globicephala melaena One off Lynmouth, 1984.
Fox Vulpes vulpes Both urban and rural foxes occur.
Stoat Mustela erminea Widespread.
Weasel Mustela nivalis Widespread but reported less often than stoat.
American Mink Mustela vison Numbers seem to have been reduced. Otterhounds changed to hunting mink.
Polecat-ferret Mustela furo x putorius Escapes have occurred.
Badger Meles meles Common. Visits gardens sometimes causing havoc by digging up lawns. Possible carrier of bovine TB and Government Controlled culls have taken place on Exmoor.
Otter Lutra lutra Became very rare but has made a comeback, however many fall victim to road accidents.
Grey Seal Halichoerus grypus Occasional sightings offshore and dead animals sometimes washed on to beaches.
Exmoor Pony Equus sp. Several small herds run on Exmoor and compete with deer and sheep for fodder, but all have owners and are fed in winter.
Red deer Cervus elaphus Minimum 3000 on Exmoor & Quantocks and several hundred further in area south of Exmoor towards Tiverton. (Langbein 1997) 75% of Exmoor population is concentrated in eastern areas particularly the wooded valleys of Exe, Haddeo and Barle, coastal woodlands near Porlock and around Horner Wood & Dunkery.
Sika Deer Cervus nippon Some escapes from Pixton Park near Dulverton were at one time in the Bray Valley but none are thought to have persisted.
Fallow Deer Dama dama Locally common in east Exmoor only on Brendon and Croydon Hills. Population estimate: 600.
Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus Established in many woods throughout Exmoor.
Muntjac Muntiacus reevesi A few reports from Malmsmead area.
Wild Goat Capra domestic In 1980s the Lynmouth & Lynton Council introduced Cheviot Goats in the Valley of Rocks. These were the only wild Cheviot herd in S. England and replaced feral goats of the Saanen breed introduced in 19th cent. Feral goats had been common here and in other parts of the Exmoor coast in previous centuries. (Information Board Valley of Rocks 1995)

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